Showing posts from August, 2009


I. Rhetorical Fallacies
   a.) incorrect obversion
   b.) incorrect conversion
   c.) The fallacy of accent
   d.) The fallacy of amphibology

II. Logical Fallacies
   a.) Formal Fallacies
        1.) formal fallacies in categorical syllogisms
        2.) formal fallacies in disjunctive syllogisms
        3.) formal fallacies in hypothetical syllogisms

   b.) Material Fallacies
        1.) The fallacy of equivocation
              1.1) The fallacy of quantity
                     1.1.1.) fallacy of composition
                     1.1.2.) fallacy of division

              1.2) The fallacy of quality
                     1.2.1.) fallacy of simple accident
                     1.2.2.) fallacy of converse accident
                     1.2.3.) fallacy of specific accident

        2.) The fallacy of presumption
             2.1) Begging the question
                     2.1.1) Assumptio non probata
                     2.1.2) Circulus in probando

            2.2) Ignorantio elenchi


A. Simple Tenses
1.) Present Tense - describes what is happening, what is true at the
                              moment, and what is consistently true

a.) describing what is happening now, in the present b.) describing a habitual or regularly occurring action c.) expressing a general truth or widely help opinion d.) describing a fixed- time future event e.) discussing "timeless" events and activities

2.) Past Tense - tells of an action completed or a condition created 3.) Future Tense - indicates action yet to be taken or a condition not
                             yet experienced B.) Perfect Tenses -uses the past participle together with auxiliary verbs -generally describes actions or occurences that have                             already been completed or thatwill be completed before                            a more recent point in time 1.) Present Perfect Tense - allows that action begun and completed in                     the past also continues-or its effects continue into th…